Amphibians Collection of Zoological Museum of the Lviv National University
 

I. Biliak, A. Zatushevsky

 

Zoological Museum of Lviv National University (ZM LNU) has 225-year history. About the beginning of the formation of his collection of the actual and not preserved. Today, it is known only that the memories of the existence of a large study of natural history (Das Naturalien Kabinet) at Lviv University Yozefinskom date from 1784. [3]

Unfortunately, many of the original label to the exhibits were lost – the museum has survived two World Wars. Their renewal is impossible since lost most of the inventory of books. [3] Can only be roughly set the location where the exhibits were transferred to create collections ZM LNU, especially that part of it is gathered before the war.

Zoology Museum has about 178,000 items. Among them is a small part of leash collection Amphibians (Amphibia) – 264 samples. It includes 63 species, representing about 1% of the global diversity of amphibians. Of these, 19 species prinalezhat to the order Caudate (Caudata), and 44 species to the order taillessness (Anura). Most fully represented the family Lyagushkovye (Ranidae) – 13 species, or 1.8% of global diversity.

Amphibian fauna of Ukraine nasichtyvaet 20 [1] (with the other data [4], 19) species. According to the taxonomy, we have the basis, Clapton Pelophylax esculentus (Linnaeus, 1758) videlyaєtsya not a separate species, but there is a subspecies of P. lessonae (Camerano, 1882). [4] Hence, in the ZM LNU are 17 (89.5%) of the 19 species. Most of the artifacts from the Ukraine have been collected over the past 10 years within the western regions.

The museum has a representative of the "extinction" view – Atelopus ignescens (Cornalia, 1849). Another type "is on the verge of extinction» – Ambystoma mexicanum (Shaw and Nodder, 1798), and three (Ranodon sibiricus Kessler, 1866, Euproctus platycephalus (Gravenhorst, 1829) and Adenomus kelaartii (Günther, 1858)) to the category prinalezhat "endagered."

ZM collection has LNU ranked 7th in Ukraine for Number of exhibits after the Zoological Museum of the National Science and Natural History Museum, the Museum of Nature Kharkov University, the Zoological Museum of the University of Kiev, Department of Herpetology and Melitopol Pedagogical University Zoological Museum, the Zoological Museum of Uzhgorod University and the Zoological Museum of the University of Nijinsky [2] . Representation of amphibians in the collection on the number of copies viglyadit follows.

CAUDATA. Hynobiidae: Onychodactylus fischeri (Boulenger, 1886) – 1 i Ranodon sibiricus Kessler, 1866 – 1. Cryptobranchidae: Andrias japonicus (Temminck, 1836) – 1. Proteidae: Necturus maculosus (Rafinesque, 1818) – 1 i Proteus anguinus Laurenti, 1768 – 4. Ambystomatidae: Ambystoma mexicanum (Shaw and Nodder, 1798) – 5. Salamandridae: Ichthyosaura alpestris (Laurenti, 1768) – 8, Lissotriton boscai (Lataste, 1879) – 1, L. helveticus (Razoumovsky, 1789) – 2, L. montandoni (Boulenger, 1880) – 23, L. vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758) – 6, Notophthalmus viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) – 1, Ommatotriton vittatus (Gray, 1835) – 1, Salamandra atra Laurenti, 1768 – 1, S. salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758) – 9, Taricha torosa (Rathke, 1833) – 2, Triturus cristatus (Laurenti, 1768) – 16 i Euproctus platycephalus (Gravenhorst, 1829) – 1. Plethodontidae: Plethodon cinereus (Green, 1818) – 2.

ANURA. Pipidae: Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802) – 4. Alytidae: Alytes obstetricans (Laurenti, 1768) – 2 i Discoglossus pictus Otth, 1837 – 2. Bombinatoridae: Bombina bombina (Linnaeus, 1761) – 8 i B. variegata (Linnaeus, 1758) – 15. Pelobatidae: Pelobates syriacus Boettger, 1889 – 2, P. fuscus (Laurenti, 1768) – 4 i P. sp. – 2. Calyptocephalellidae: Calyptocephalella gayi (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) – 1. Hylidae: Hyla arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) – 12, H. versicolor LeConte, 1825 – 1 i Osteopilus dominicensis (Tschudi, 1838) - 1. Bufonidae: Adenomus kelaartii (Günther, 1858) – 1, Amietophrynus gutturalis (Power, 1927) – 2, A. regularis (Reuss, 1833) – 3, A. mauritanicus (Schlegel, 1841) – 1, Anaxyrus terrestris (Bonnaterre, 1789) – 3, Atelopus ignescens (Cornalia, 1849) – 1, Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) – 18, Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799) – 3, Epidalea calamita (Laurenti, 1768) – 3, Ingerophrynus biporcatus (Gravenhorst, 1829) – 1, Peltophryne peltocephala (Tschudi, 1838) – 1, Pseudepidalea viridis (Laurenti, 1768) – 9 i Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758) – 2. Microhylidae: Kaloula pulchra Gray, 1831 – 1. Hyperoliidae: Kassina maculata (Duméril, 1853) – 2. Ptychadenidae: Ptychadena mascareniensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) – 7. Pyxicephalidae: Tomopterna marmorata (Peters, 1854) – 1. Dicroglossidae: Hoplobatrachus tigerinus (Daudin, 1802) – 1 i Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Schneider, 1799) – 1. Rhacophoridae: Philautus surdus (Peters, 1863) – 1. Ranidae: Lithobates berlandieri (Baird, 1859) – 3, L. catesbeianus (Shaw, 1802) – 2, L. clamitans (Latreille, 1801) – 2, L. palustris (LeConte, 1825) – 1, Pelophylax ridibundus (Pallas, 1771) – 8, P. lessonae (Camerano, 1882) - 9, Rana amurensis Boulenger, 1886 – 1, R. arvalis Nilsson, 1842 – 7, R. aurora Baird and Girard, 1852 – 5, R. dalmatina Fitzinger, 1839 – 1, R. macrocnemis Boulenger, 1885 – 1 i R. temporaria Linnaeus, 1758 – 51.

 

REFERENCES

1. Pysanets Ye. Amphibians Ukraine (posob. for objectified. Amphibians Ukraine and neighboring countries). – K.: Izd Rajewski, 2007. – 192 p. (In Ukrainian)

2. Pysanets Ye. M. Zoological collections of Ukraine: importance, current status and prospects // Prirodnicha muzeologіya: teorіya a practice. Mater. Vseukr. nauk. Scient. Conf. (17-18 September 2009, Kamenetz-Podolsk). – Lions, Kamenetz-Podolsk, 2009. – S. 9-17. (In Ukrainian)

3. Shydlovskyy I. V. ancient university zoological museum in Ukraine // Kamenyar. – Lviv: Lviv National University Publishing House, 2010. – № 3. – S. 8-11. (In Ukrainian)

4. Frost D. R., Grant T., Faivovich J., Bain R. H., Haas A., Haddad C. F. B., De Sa R. O., Channing A., Wilkinson M., Donnellan S. C., Raxworthy C. J., Campbell J. A., Blotto B. L., Moler P., Drewes R. C., Nussbaum R. A., Lynch J. D., Green D. M., Wheeler W. C. The Amphibian tree of life. – New York: American Museum of Natural History, 2006. – 370 p. (Bull. of the Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. - № 297).